Guides for Youth Programming Poster 8-B Elementary
Name of Poster: “Sans Arc Lakota” Ledger Book, 1880–1881
Poster #: 8-B
Artist: Black Hawk
Medium: Pen, ink and pencil on paper
Owner or Venue: Fenimore Art Museum, Cooperstown, NY
Play the CD Rabbit Dance Songs of the Lakota as the children gather. (Later, connect this to the dancing images of the second half of the poster.)
Begin by using the book Lightning Inside You and Other Native American Riddles as a warm-up exercise where the children try to answer a few riddles.
Use Visual Thinking Strategies to discuss the poster in depth.
Use the Whole Book Approach to share one or more of the programming books suggested below to connect library resources to the poster via subject, style, or artist.
Using one or two intriguing sentences per book, booktalk a number of books from the bibliography to whet the appetite of your audience for more reading. Give books to interested takers for later checkout.
Add crafts, music, activities, etc. as your style dictates.
School Age (6–12)
Ledger book art is something children can readily relate to; they draw all the time in their lined composition books during class. Plains Indians had a long tradition of using buffalo hides and the surface of their tipis to create a visual record of family history and summaries of their hunts. In the late nineteenth century, when Indians were forced into schools and onto reservations, they turned to the paper they obtained at the trading post or schools—ledger books—to depict the changes they were experiencing.
More about this fascinating art form may be found at the following websites:
(These can be read in a traditional manner or with the interactive picture book method described in Using the Whole Book Approach.)
Bruchac, Joseph. Crazy Horse’s Vision. Lee and Low, 2000.
Goble, Paul. Crow Chief. Orchard, 1992.
Littlechild, George. This Land Is My Land. Children’s Book Press, 1993.
Each of these titles deals with a different personality from Plains Indian culture; the third title is included for a modern perspective. All could be considered within the context of the conventions of ledger book art (two-dimensional figures, common symbols, faces rendered in profile, etc.). Select one to read.
After the children understand what ledger book art is, have them draw their own ledger art on lined paper to illustrate a significant event in their family’s life. Use colored pencils or crayons.
Resources Related to the Lakota—For Preschool and Elementary Grades
Bierhorst, John, ed. Lightning Inside You and Other Native American Riddles. William Morrow, 1992. (Preschool–K, Elementary, Teen, Older Teen, Adult)
Bernhard, Emery. Spotted Eagle & Black Crow: A Lakota Legend. Holiday House, 1993. (Elementary)
Bruchac, Joseph. Crazy Horse’s Vision. Lee and Low, 2000. (Elementary)
Goble, Paul. Adopted by the Eagles. Bradbury, 1994. (Elementary)
———. Buffalo Woman. Bradbury Press, 1984. (Elementary, Teen)
———. Crow Chief. Orchard, 1992. (Elementary)
———. The Great Race of the Birds and Animals. Bradbury, 1985. (Elementary)
———. Iktomi and the Berries. Orchard, 1989. (Elementary)
———. Iktomi and the Coyote. Orchard, 1998. (Elementary)
———. The Return of the Buffaloes. National Geographic, 1996. (Elementary)
Horncloud, William. Rabbit Dance Songs of the Lakota. Canyon Records, 2005 (CD) (Preschool–K, Elementary, Teen, Older Teen, Adult)
Left Hand Bull and Suzanne Haldane. Lakota Hoop Dancer. Dutton, 1999. (Elementary, Teen)
Matthaei, Gay and Jewel Grutman. The Ledgerbook of Thomas Blue Eagle. Thomasson-Grant, 1994. (Elementary, Teen)
Nelson, S.D. The Star People: A Lakota Story. Harry N. Abrams, 2003. (Elementary)
Osborne, Mary Pope. Buffalo Before Breakfast. Random House, 1999.
Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. Bad River Boys: A Meeting of the Lakota Sioux with Lewis and Clark. Holiday House, 2005. (Elementary, Teen)
———. The Sioux: A First Americans Book. Holiday House, 1995.(Elementary,Teen)
Turner, Ann. Sitting Bull Remembers. HarperCollins, 2007.
Yellow Robe, Rosebud. Tonweya and the Eagles. Dial, 1979. (Elementary, Teen, Older Teen)
Resources Related to the Lakota—for Teens and Adults
Bial, Raymond. The Sioux. Benchmark Books, 1999. (Teen, Older Teen)
Berlo, Janet Catherine. Spirit Beings and Sun Dancers: Black Hawk’s Vision of the Lakota World. George Braziller, 2000. (Older Teen, Adult)
Bettelyoun, Susan Bordeaux and Josephine Waggoner. With My Own Eyes: A Lakota Woman Tells Her People’s Story. University of Nebraska Press, 1998. (Older Teen, Adult)
Crow Dog, Mary. Lakota Woman. Grove Weidenfeld, 1990. (Older Teen, Adult)
Durham, James G.; Thomas, Virginia. Sacred Buffalo: The Lakota Way for a New Beginning. Sycamore Island Books, 1996. (Older Teen, Adult)
Flood, Renee Sansom. Lost Bird of Wounded Knee. Scribner, 1995. (Older Teen, Adult)
Greene, Jerome. Lakota and Cheyenne: Indian Views of the Great Sioux War, 1876–1877. University of Oklahoma Press, 1994. (Older Teen, Adult)
Lame Deer, Archie Fire and Richard Erdoes. Gift of Power: The Life and Teachings of a Lakota Medicine Man. Bear and Company, 1992. (Older Teen, Adult)
Larson, Robert. Red Cloud: Warrior-Statesman of the Lakota Sioux. University of Oklahoma Press, 1997. (Older Teen, Adult)
Marrin, Albert. Saving the Buffalo. Scholastic. 2006. (Elementary, Teen)
Neihardt, Hilda. Black Elk and Flaming Rainbow. University of Nebraska Press, 1995. (Older Teen, Adult)
Patent, Dorothy. The Buffalo and the Indians: A Shared Destiny. Clarion, 2006. (Elementary, Teen)
Red Shirt, Delphine. Bead on an Anthill: A Lakota Childhood. University of Nebraska Press, 1998. (Teen, Older Teen)
Rice, Julian. Black Elk’s Story: Distinguishing Its Lakota Purpose. University of New Mexico, 1991. (Teen, Older Teen)
Starita, Joe. The Dull Knifes of Pine Ridge: A Lakota Odyssey. Putnam, 1995. (Older Teen, Adult)
St. Pierre, Mark. Madonna Swan: A Lakota Woman’s Story. University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. (Older Teen, Adult)
Todd, Anne. Sitting Bull 1831–1890. Capstone, 2003. (Elementary)
|Older Teen||Ages 16–18|